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Generalized precursor prediction boosts identification rates and accuracy in mass spectrometry based proteomics.

Type Information
Nr 82 (Research article)
Authors Scott, Aaron M; Karlsson, Christofer; Mohanty, Tirthankar; Hartman, Erik; Vaara, Suvi T; Linder, Adam; Malmström, Johan; Malmström, Lars
Title Generalized precursor prediction boosts identification rates and accuracy in mass spectrometry based proteomics.
Journal Communications biology (2023) 6(1) 628'
DOI 10.1038/s42003-023-04977-x
Citations 2 citations (journal impact: 6.548)
Abstract Data independent acquisition mass spectrometry (DIA-MS) has recently emerged as an important method for the identification of blood-based biomarkers. However, the large search space required to identify novel biomarkers from the plasma proteome can introduce a high rate of false positives that compromise the accuracy of false discovery rates (FDR) using existing validation methods. We developed a generalized precursor scoring (GPS) method trained on 2.75 million precursors that can confidently control FDR while increasing the number of identified proteins in DIA-MS independent of the search space. We demonstrate how GPS can generalize to new data, increase protein identification rates, and increase the overall quantitative accuracy. Finally, we apply GPS to the identification of blood-based biomarkers and identify a panel of proteins that are highly accurate in discriminating between subphenotypes of septic acute kidney injury from undepleted plasma to showcase the utility of GPS in discovery DIA-MS proteomics.